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Volkswagen VW Commercial Type 2 Series 1973-1981

About the Volkswagen Kombi

The Volkswagen Type 2, officially called the Transporter or Kombi (campers, short for Kombinationskraftwagen) informally as Bus (US) or Camper (UK), regarded as a panel van introduced in 1950 by German automaker Volkswagen as its second car model - following and initially deriving from Volkswagen's first model, the kind of 1 (Beetle), it turned out because of the factory designation Type 2. As one of the forerunners associated with the modern cargo and passenger vans, the Type 2 gave rise to competitors in the world and Europe, for example the Ford Econoline, the Dodge A100, and then the Chevrolet Corvair 95 Corvan, the latter adopting the Type 2's rear-engine configuration. European competition included the Renault Estafette and then the Ford Transit. At the time of January 2010, updated versions of the Type 2 remain in production in international markets- as being a passenger van, to be a cargo van, in addition to a pickup truck. For instance the Beetle, the van has received numerous nicknames worldwide, including the "microbus", "minibus", and, because of its popularity by means of the counterculture movement belonging to the 1960s, "hippie van".

The concept of a to make the Type 2 is credited to Dutch Volkswagen importer Ben Pon. (It will have similarities in concept on to the 1920s Rumpler Tropfenwagen and 1930s Dymaxion car by Buckminster Fuller, neither of which reached production.) Pon visited Wolfsburg in 1946, intending to invest in Type 1s for import to Holland, where exactly he saw an improvised parts-mover and realized something better was possible using the stock Type 1 pan. He first sketched the van held in a doodle dated April 23, 1947, proposing a payload of 690 kg (1,500 lb) and placing the driver along at the very front. Production it is fair to wait, however, for the reason factory was a student in capacity producing the Type 1. When capacity freed up a prototype known internally as the Type 29 was produced held in a short three months. The stock Type 1 pan proved to be too weak so the prototype used a ladder chassis with unit body construction. Coincidentally the wheelbase was very similar to the kind of 1's. Engineers reused the reduction gear out of your Type 81, enabling the 1.5 ton van to train on a 25 hp (19 kW) flat four engine.

And also the aerodynamics associated with the first prototypes were poor (with an initial coefficient of drag of 0.75), engineers used the wind tunnel at the Technical University of Braunschweig to optimize the design. Simple changes for example , splitting the windshield and roofline proper into a "vee" helped the production Type 2 achieve a drag coefficient of 0.44, exceeding the Type 1's 0.48. Volkswagen's new CEO Heinz Nordhoff (appointed 1 January 1948) approved the van for production on 19 May 1949 as well as first production model, now designated Type 2, rolled off the assembly line to debut 12 November. Only two models were offered: the Kombi (with two side windows and middle and rear seats that had been easily removable by one person), along with the Commercial. The Microbus was added in May 1950, joined by way of Deluxe Microbus in June 1951. In all of the 9,541 Type 2s were produced inside of their first year of production. An ambulance model was added in December 1951 which repositioned the fuel tank while watching transaxle, put the spare tire behind the front seat, and added a "tailgate"-style rear door. These features became standard located on the Type 2 from 1955 to 1967. 11,805 Type 2s were built in the 1951 model year. Just read was joined because of a single-cab pickup in August 1952, and also it changed the lowest amount of associated with the Type 2s until all were heavily modified in 1968.

Unlike other rear engine Volkswagens, which evolved constantly in the future but never saw the development of all-new models, the Transporter as well as evolved, but was completely revised periodically with variations retrospectively referred to as versions "T1" to "T5" (a nomenclature only invented following on from the introduction associated with the front-drive T4 which replaced the T25) However only generations T1 to T3 (or T25 like it is still called in Ireland and Great Britain) is visible as directly related with regard to the Beetle . The Kind Of 2, as well as 1947 Citroën H Van, are some of the first 'forward control' vans where driver was placed above the front roadwheels. They started a trend in Europe, the spot where the 1952 GM Bedford CA, 1959 Renault Estafette, 1960 BMC Morris J4, and 1960 Commer FC also used the concept. Nationwide, the Corvair-based Chevrolet Corvan cargo van and Greenbrier passenger van went when it comes to to copy the Type 2's rear-engine layout, using the Corvair's horizontally opposed, air-cooled engine for power. Except for the Greenbrier as well as other 1950s-70s Fiat minivans, the Type 2 remained unique in wanting to bo rear-engined. I thought this was a disadvantage used for the early "barndoor" Panel Vans, which were not able to easily be loaded by way of rear as a result of engine cover intruding on interior space, but generally advantageous in traction and interior noise.

The Type 2 was available as a:

Panel van, a delivery van without side windows or rear seats.

Nippen Tucket, to be found in six colours, with or without doors.

Walk-Through Panel Van, a delivery van without side windows or rear seats and cargo doors on both sides.

High Roof Panel Van (German: Hochdach), a delivery van with raised roof.

Kombi, from German: Kombinationskraftwagen (combination motor vehicle), with side windows and removable rear seats, both a passenger along with a cargo vehicle combined.

Bus, also referred to as a Volkswagen Caravelle, a van with more comfortable interior reminiscent of passenger cars since the third generation.

Samba-Bus, a van with skylight windows and cloth sunroof, first generation only, called a Deluxe Microbus. These folks were marketed for touring the Alps,

Flatbed pickup truck, or Single Cab, also available with wider load bed.

Crew cab pick-up, a flatbed truck with extended cab as well as 2 rows of seats, often known as a Doka, from German: Doppelkabine.

Westfalia camping van, "Westy", with Westfalia roof and interior.

Adventurewagen camping van, with high roof and camping units from Adventurewagen.

Semi-camping van that could possibly also still be utilized for a passenger car and transporter, sacrificing some camping comforts. "Multivan" or "Weekender", available with all the third generation on.

As well as these factory variants, there has been a multitude of third-party conversions available, a few of which were offered through Volkswagen dealers. They included, but were not limited to, refrigerated vans, hearses, ambulances, police vans, fire engines and ladder trucks, and camping van conversions by companies other than Westfalia. There initially were even 30 Klv 20 rail-going draisines built for Deutsche Bundesbahn in 1955.

VW Volkswagen Commercial Type 2 Kombi series d Repair Manual 1973 - 1981 Gregorys 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980


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