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Volkswagen VW Transporter Commercial Type 2 T3 Caravelle Vanagon 1982 - 1990

About the Volkswagen Transporter T3

The Volkswagen Type 2 (T3) was the third generation of the Volkswagen Transporter and was marketed under different nameplates worldwide – including as the Transporter or Caravelle in European countries, Microbus in South Africa and as the Vanagon in North and South America.Heavier and larger than its predecessor, the T2 – and with a more squared and less rounded styling – the T3 had been manufactured in Germany from 1979 until 1992. South African production of the T3 continued, for that market only, until 2002. The T3 was the final generation of rear-engined Volkswagens.Following the T2, the T3 (or Type 25) initially showcased air-cooled and subsequently water-cooled engines. Versions produced in South Africa from 1990 until 2002 featured an Audi five-cylinder engine.Volkswagen marketed the Westfalia camper variant throughout the T25's (T3's) manufacturing, with features including a pop up roof, sink, refrigerator, and stove.

Examples built between 1980 and 1985 featured round headlights and chrome-plated steel bumpers with plastic end-caps. Air-cooled designs (1980 to mid-1983) lack the lower grill above the radiator of the water-cooled models, except on models with factoran atmosphere conditioning. 1986 model year vehicles received revisions including a tachometer, more fabric choices, redesigned atmosphere conditioner, bigger water-cooled motor with a more advanced engine management system, and redesigned transmissions including an optional syncro four-wheel drive. External changes include rectangular headlights (on selected designs) and different paint options. Alloy tires, bigger and squarer plastic bumpers with trim along the rocker panels were optional, and standard equipment on Wolfsburg Edition vans. For 1990 and 1991 model years, a "Carat" trim level was offered which included all offered choices (except Westfalia conversion).All 1980 and some 1981 models had eight welded-in metal slats addressing the engine ventilation passages behind the rear windows. Later on models had black colored plastic 16-slat covers that slotted in at the top and screwed down at the base.During the 1980s, the U.S. Army and Air Force in Germany used T3's as administrative (non-tactical) vehicles. In military use, the vehicle's nomenclature was "Light Truck, Commercial".

Porsche has created a version known as B32 in a limited edition. The van was equipped with 3.2 liter Carrera engine and was originally developed to support Porsche 959 involvement in Paris-Dakar race.Oettinger has developed a six-cylinder variation called WBX6. The engine is derived from the "Wasserboxer" motor and has many common parts with it. The development of the engine was initially contracted to Oettinger by VW. Oettinger bought the rights when VW decided not to use it.With the interior combustion engine and transaxle mounted very low in the back, the T3 had a great deal larger disc brakes in the front, and drums in the rear. Axle weight is very nearly equal upon both the front and back ends of the vehicle. Unlike the T2 before it, the T3 was available with amenities these types of as energy steering, atmosphere conditioning, power door locks, electrically controlled and heated mirrors, lighted vanity mirrors, and a light above the glove box (many of which were essentially standard equipment in later designs).

The automatic was a standard hydraulic three-speed device, the same 090/010 unit as used in Audis of the era. These showcased a cast aluminium alloy case for the transmission section, and a cast iron case for the final drive part.The 091 manual transmission was a four-speed unit, featuring a lightweight aluminium alloy case; later waterboxers had 5-speed transmission fitted as standard.The automatic features a 1.0 ratio top gear, while the manual features a 0.85 top gear.The oil filler tube for the engine is located behind the flip-down license plate door. Most early vans had a twist-on/off gas cap right on the outside just under and behind the passenger side door. A locking cap was optional. The spare tyre lies in a tray under the extremely front of the van (as the engine is in the back), simply below the radiator.

VW Volkswagen Transporter (water-cooled) Petrol 1982 - 1990 Haynes 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

 

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