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Toyota Land Cruiser 78, 79, 100 and 105 Series Petrol and Diesel 1998 - 2007 Haynes Owners Service and Repair Manual
Toyota Land Cruiser 78, 79, 100 & 105 Series Petrol & Diesel 1998 - 2007 Haynes Owners Service & Repair Manual Covers: Toyota Land Cruiser Petrol & Diesel Series 78, 79, 100 and 105.
The Toyota Land Cruiser is a show of four-wheel drive vehicles produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota. The Land Cruiser series is the longest running series in Toyota history.Programming of the very first generation Land Cruiser began in 1951 as Toyota's variation of a Jeep-like vehicle and production started in 1954. The secure Cruiser has been produced in convertible, hardtop, station wagon, and utility truck versions. The secure Cruiser's dependability and durability has led to huge popularity, especially in Australia where it is the best-selling body-on-frame, four-wheel drive vehicle. Toyota additionally extensively tests the secure Cruiser in the Australian outback — considered to feel one of the toughest running environments in both temperature and terrain. Main rivals include the number Rover, Land Rover Discovery, Jeep Wrangler, Mitsubishi Pajero, Nissan Patrol, and the Ford Raptor.In January 1998, the 100 series Land Cruiser was introduced to replace the 8-year-old 80 series. The 100 show had been previewed in October 1997 as the "Grand Cruiser" at the 32nd Tokyo Motor Show. Development started in 1992, with final design being approved in mid-1994.
There tend to be two distinct versions of the 100-series, the 100 and the 105. The two versions look really similar, but there are significant differences under the bodywork. Despite these differences and official model names, both the 100 and 105 are collectively known as the 100 show.The 105 carried over the majority of its chassis and powertrain from the 80-series with coil suspended solid axles rear and front, and straight-6 petrol and diesel engines. These designs were exclusively available in African, Russian, South and Australian American markets.The 100 designs were fitted with a slightly better chassis, independent front suspension (IFS) and two new engines. The change to IFS was a very first for a secure Cruiser, and was created (in combination with rack-and-pinion directing) to improve on-road handling. However it additionally limited the vehicle’s off-road durability and capability, hence the choice to offer the secure axle 105 designs alongside the IFS 100 designs in some markets. The table below identifies the number of 100 and 105 designs and their worldwide quantity.
Although the 100 and 105 bodies are identical, there are some exterior visual indications between the two. The most obvious is actually the front end of the vehicle frequently appearing lower than the rear on the 100 models, anticipated to the IFS. The some other signal is the design of the wheels. The 100 models have almost flat wheel designs, while he 105 models have dished wheels. This difference allows the two versions to retain similar wheel tracks, even though the 100 has a significantly wider axle track to allow for the IFS system.The introduction of a V8 engine was also a first for a secure Cruiser, and was particularly intended to improve sales in the North-American market, exactly where it was the just engine available. In Australia, the 100 V8 was initially just available in the range-topping GXV model, while entry and mid-range models were the 105 powered by the 1FZ-FE I6 petrol, or 1HZ diesel engines. The new 1HD-FTE turbo-diesel 100 had been added to the Aussie number in October 2000 after being available in the UK and Europe since launch in 1998. The 4WD media in Australia were critical of Toyota’s purchase to offer the acclaimed 1HD-FTE engine only in combination with IFS. Aussie 4WD Monthly magazine said "We will never forgive Toyota for going independent at the front with the mighty 4.2 turbo-diesel".
The 100 show created the basis for the Lexus LX 470, which was also sold in Japan as the Toyota Cygnus.The 100 series had been labeled the Toyota Land Cruiser Amazon in the UK and Ireland from 1998 to 2007.In 2000, Toyota celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Land Cruiser with commemorative models granted in several countries. Total global production to date was 3.72 million cars.
The 100 series stayed in production until belated 2007, with several minor facelifts such as headlights, taillights, front grill, rear specification and spoiler changes introduced over the years.The 100-series is generally considered reliable and durable vehicle, however there have been three known issues identified, usually for vehicles running in harsh conditions:
The IFS 100-series gained a reputation for front suspension failures in running conditions where the front suspension was subject to hitting the bump stops. Some providers produce strengthened lower wishbones to eliminate cracks developing.Both IFS 100 and Live-axle 105 models have been revealed as suffering from broken front differential centres when driven in harsh conditions. The many common front differential failures in IFS designs tend to be reported in vehicles produced between mid 1997 and mid 1999 (i.e. the model years 1998 and 1999), whenever Toyota fitted the 100 Series IFS with a 2-pinion front differential (the pinion gear would flex away from the ring gear under shock loads). In 1999 (model year 2000) the IFS Landcruiser received a 4-pinion front differential that was more robust — fewer failures happened to be reported.The 2UZ-FE (the only engine available in North America) has log-style exhaust manifolds that are subject to write and crack a "ticking" sound during a cold start. The crack is usually the size of a human hair and would subside shortly after the engine is started as the manifold heats up and closes the gap. There had been enough complaints to write a TSB (Technical Services Bulletin) but because it was not considered a protection problems, no recall was issued.