Volkswagen VW Transporter T3 Petrol 1982-1989 Service Repair Manual Brooklands Books Ltd UK
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Volkswagen VW Transporter 1982 - 1989 Owners Workshop Manual Covers The following Engine Reference Letters: * Carburetor 1.9 Litre - DF, DG or EY. * Injected 1.9 Litre - GW. * 2.1 Litre Without Catalytic Converter - DJ. * 2.1 Litre with Catalytic Converter - MV.
Covers the Water Cooled Rear-Engined Petrol models only with Manual Gearbox from 1982 - 1989. * Kombi. * Stationwagon. * Bus. * Camper. * Caravelle. * Pick-Up 1.9 Litre and 2.1 Litre Carburettor & Fuel Injected Water Cooled Engines.
Contents:: * Engines * Ignition System * Lubrication System * Cooling System * Carburettor Fuel System * Fuel Injection System * Exhaust System * Clutch * Manual Transmission * Automatic Transmission * Rear Drive Shafts * Rear Axle Transmission * Front Suspension * Mechanical Power Assisted Steering * Brake System * Electrical Equipment * Bodywork * Fault Finding
Wiring Diagrams VW Transporter with 1.9 Litre Engine: * Wiring Diagram - Battery, Starter Motor, Alternator & Ignition / Starter Switch * Wiring Diagram - Ignition System * Wiring Diagram - Intake Manifold Pre-Heating, Automatic Choke & Radiator Fan (200 Watts) * Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert, Optical and Accoustic Oil Pressure Warning * Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert, Coolant Temperature and Coolant Shortage Indicators and Sender Unit * Wiring Diagram - Cigarette Lighter, Radio & Interior Light * Wiring Diagram - Lighting Switch, Number Plate Light, Parking Light & Instrument Lighting * Wiring Diagram - Headlights, Tail Lights, Headlight Dipper / Flasher Switch * Wiring Diagram - Turn Signal and Emergancy Flasher System * Wiring Diagram - Brake Lights, Reversing Lights & Horn * Wiring Diagram - Fog Lights, Rear Fog Light & Heated Rear Screen * Wiring Diagram - Fresh Air Blower, Radiator Fan (200 / 300 Watts) & Warm Air Blower * Wiring Diagram - Windscreen Wiper and Washer Systems (V.A.G. 1466) * Wiring Diagram - Headlight Washer System (V.A.G. 1466), Rear Window Wiper and Washer System, Handbrake and Brake Fluid Level Warning
Wiring Diagrams VW Transporter 2.1 Liter Engine with Catalytic Converter, Digifant, SR and MV Engines:<li> Wiring Diagram - Battery, Starter Motor, Alternator & Ignition / Starter Switch * Wiring Diagram - Ignition System, Digifant Control Unit, Electric Heating for Crankcase Breather * Wiring Diagram - Digifant Control Unit, Lambda Probe & Digital Fuel Injection System * Wiring Diagram - Idle Speed Stabilisation
Wiring Diagrams VW Transporter / Caravelle 2.1 Litre Engine and Digijet Injection, DJ Engine: * Wiring Diagram - Battery, Starter Motor, Alternator & Ignition / Starter Switch * Wiring Diagram - Ignition System, Electric Heating for Crankcase Breather * Wiring Diagram - Idle Speed Stabilisation * Wiring Diagram - Digital Fuel Injection System (Digijet) * Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert, Optical and Accoustic Oil Pressure Warning * Wiring Diagram - Electrically Adjustable and Heated Outside Mirror
Wiring Diagram - Additional Current Flow - 1.9 Litre Fuel Injection Engine (Digijet) From August 1984
Wiring Diagram - Additional Current Flow - Caravelle Carat - 1.9 Litre Fuel Injection Engine (Digijet) From August 1984
Please note: This manual also covers the removal and reinstallation of the automatic transmission, as well as maintenance, but does NOT cover rebuilding of automatic transmissions as this generally requires specialist skills and equipment.
The Volkswagen Type 2, acknowledged officially because the Transporter, Kombi or Microbus, or, informally, because the Bus or Camper, is a panel van introduced inside 1950 by the German automaker Volkswagen because its next vehicle model. After - plus initially deriving from Volkswagen's initially model, the Type 1 - it was provided the factory designation Type 2.
As among the forerunners of the contemporary cargo plus passenger vans, the Type 2 gave rise with forward control competitors inside the United States inside the 1960s, including the Ford Econoline, the Dodge A100, as well as the Chevrolet Corvair 95 Corvan, the latter adopting the Type 2's rear-engine configuration. European competition included the 1960s FF design Renault Estafette as well as the FR design Ford Transit.
Like the Beetle, the van has received many nicknames worldwide, including the "microbus", "minibus", plus, as a result of its recognition throughout the counterculture movement of the 1960s, "Hippie van".
Brazil contained the last factory inside the planet which yielded the T2. Production inside Brazil ceased about December 31, 2013, due with the introduction of more stringent protection laws inside the nation. This marks the finish of a era with all the rear-engine Volkswagens produced, that initially originated inside 1935 with their Type 1 prototypes.
The concept for the Type 2 is credited with Dutch Volkswagen importer Ben Pon. Pon visited Wolfsburg inside 1946, intending with buy Type 1s for import with the Netherlands, where he saw an improvised parts-mover plus realized anything better was potential utilizing the stock Type 1 pan. He initially sketched the van inside a doodle dated April 23, 1947, proposing a payload of 690 kg plus placing the driver at the front. Production might need to wait, nevertheless, because the factory was at capability producing the Type 1.
Whenever capability freed up, a prototype recognized internally because the Type 29 was yielded inside a brief 3 months. The stock Type 1 pan proven with be too weak thus the prototype utilized a ladder chassis with device body construction. Coincidentally the wheelbase was the same because the Type 1's. Engineers reused the reduction gear within the Type 81, allowing the 1.5 lot van with employ a 25 hp flat 4 engine.
Although the aerodynamics of the initially prototypes were bad, technicians selected the wind tunnel at the Technical University of Braunschweig with optimize the shape. Easy changes including splitting the windshield plus roofline into a "vee" aided the creation Type 2 achieve Cd=0.44, exceeding the Type 1's Cd=0.48. Volkswagen's fresh chief executive officer Heinz Nordhoff approved the van for manufacturing about 19 May 1949 as well as the initially creation model, today designated Type 2, rolled off the assembly line with debut 12 November. Just 2 models were offered: the Kombi, as well as the Commercial. The Microbus was added inside May 1950, joined by the Deluxe Microbus inside June 1951. In all 9,541 Type 2s were yielded inside their initial year of manufacturing.
An ambulance model was added inside December 1951 that repositioned the gas tank inside front of the transaxle, place the spare tire behind the front seat, plus added a "tailgate"-style back door. These attributes became standard found on the Type 2 from 1955 with 1967. 11,805 Type 2s were integrated the 1951 model year. These were joined with a single-cab pickup inside August 1952, plus it changed the minimum of the Type 2s till all were seriously modified inside 1968.
Unlike additional back engine Volkswagens, that evolved consistently over time yet not saw the introduction of all-new models, the Transporter not just evolved, however, was completely revised periodically with variations retrospectively called versions "T1" with "T5". However just decades T1 with T3 is watched because straight associated with the Beetle.
The Type 2, together with the 1947 CitroÃ�Â«n H Van, are amidst the initially 'forward control' vans inside that the driver was located above the front roadwheels. They began a trend inside Europe, where the 1952 GM Bedford CA, 1958 RAF-977, 1959 Renault Estafette, 1960 BMC Morris J4, plus 1960 Commer FC equally utilized the idea. In the United States, the Corvair-based Chevrolet Corvan cargo van plus Greenbrier passenger van went thus far because with copy the Type 2's rear-engine design, utilizing the Corvair's horizontally opposed, air-cooled engine for force. Except for the Greenbrier plus different 1950sÃ¢Â€Â�70s Fiat minivans, the Type 2 stayed specific inside being rear-engined. This became a downside for the early "barndoor" Panel Vans, that couldn't conveniently be loaded within the back considering the engine cover intruded about inside area, however usually advantageous inside traction plus inside sound.
The Volkswagen Samba, inside the United States sometimes known because Sunroof Deluxe, was the many luxurious adaptation of the Volkswagen Transporter T1. Volkswagen began producing Samba's inside 1951. In the sixties this variation became prevalent because a hippie bus.
Originally Volkswagen Vans were categorized based on the amount of windows they had. This model had 23 windows including 8 panoramic windows inside the roof. To distinguish it within the general 23 window Volkswagen van the name Samba was coined.
Instead of the sliding door at the side the Samba had 2 pivot doorways. Additionally the Samba had a cloth sunroof. At that time Volkswagen advertised with all the idea of utilizing the Samba with create tourist trips from the Alps.
Samba's were standard painted inside 2 hues. Usually, the upper element was colored white. The 2 colored sections were split with a decorative strip. Further the bus had a thus called "hat": at the front of the van the rooftop was simply a little longer than the auto itself with block the sunlight for the driver. The windows had chrome tables as well as the van had a more comprehensive dashboard than the general T1.
Whenever Volkswagen began producing the successor of the T1 the organization moreover stopped producing the Samba's thus there are no Samba's inside later versions of the Volkswagen Transporter.
In late 1967, the 2nd generation of the Volkswagen Type 2 was introduced. It was integrated Germany till 1979. In Mexico, the Volkswagen Kombi plus Panel were yielded from 1970 with 1994. Models before 1971 are usually called the T2a, when models following 1972 are called the T2b.
1978 Volkswagen Transporter Pickup
1973Ã¢Â€Â�1980 Volkswagen Kombi van
T2 selected because an ambulance inside Brazil
This second-generation Type 2 lost its distinctive split front windshield, plus was somewhat greater plus considerably heavier than its predecessor. Its popular nicknames are Breadloaf plus Bay-window, or Loaf plus Bay for brief. At 1.6 L plus 35 kW DIN, the engine was equally somewhat greater. The new model additionally did away with all the swing axle back suspension plus transfer boxes earlier utilized with raise ride height. Instead, half-shaft axles fitted with continual velocity joints raised ride height without the wild changes inside camber of the Beetle-based swing axle suspension. The up-to-date Bus transaxle is commonly popular by off-road racers utilizing air-cooled Volkswagen components.
The T2b was introduced through slow change over 3 years. The initial models showcased rounded bumpers incorporating a step for utilize whenever the door was open, front doorways which opened with 90Ã�Â° within the body, no lip found on the front guards, distinctive engine hatches, plus crescent air intakes inside the D-pillars. The 1971 Type 2 showcased a brand-new, 1.6 L engine with double consumption ports about every cylinder head plus was DIN-rated at 37 kW. An significant change came with all the introduction of front disk brakes plus modern roadwheels with brake ventilation holes plus flatter hubcaps. Up till 1972, front indicators are set low found on the nose instead of excellent about either side of the fresh air grille Ã¢Â€Â� offering rise with their being nicknamed "Lower Lights". 1972's many prominent change became a bigger engine compartment to suit the greater 1.7- with 2.0-litre motors within the Volkswagen Type 4, along with a redesigned back end that eliminated the removable back apron plus introduced the heavier late tail lights. The air inlets were equally enlarged to support the improved cooling air demands of the bigger motors.
In 1971 the 1600cc Type 1 engine because employed inside the Beetle, was supplemented with all the 1700cc Type 4 engine Ã¢Â€Â� because it was initially tailored for the Type 4 models. European vans kept the possibility of upright enthusiast Type 1 1600 engine however the 1700 Type 4 became standard for US spec models.
Pre-facelift plus facelifted Volkswagen Kombi vans
In the Type 2, the Type 4 engine was an alternative for the 1972 model year forward. This engine was standard inside models destined for the US plus Canada. Just with all the Type 4 engine did an automatic transmission become accessible for the first-time inside the 1973 model year. Both motors displaced 1.7 L, DIN-rated at 49 kW with all the guide transmission plus 46 kW with all the automatic. The Type 4 engine was enlarged with 1.8 L plus 50 kW DIN for the 1974 model year plus again with 2.0 L plus 52 kW DIN for the 1976 model year. The 1978 2.0 L today showcased hydraulic valve lifters, eliminating the requirement with periodically change the valve clearances because about earlier models. The 1975 plus later U.S. model years received Bosch L-Jetronic electronic gas injection because standard equipment; 1978 was the initially year for electronic ignition, using the hall impact sensor plus digital controller, eliminating maintenance-requiring contact-breaker points. As with all Transporter machines, the focus inside development wasn't about energy, yet about low-end torque. The Type 4 motors were considerably more robust plus durable than the Type 1 machines, very inside Transporter service.
In 1972, for the 1973 model year, outdoor revisions included relocated front turn indicators, squared off plus set high inside the valance, above the headlights. Additionally, square-profiled bumpers, that became standard till the finish of the T2 inside 1979, were introduced inside 1973. Crash protection improved with this change as a result of a compressible structure behind the front bumper. This meant which the T2b was capable of meeting US protection specifications for passenger vehicles of the time, though not necessary of vans. The "VW" emblem found on the front valance became somewhat small.
Later model changes were mainly mechanical. By 1974, the T2 had gained its final form. Really late inside the T2's shape lifetime, throughout the late 1970s, the initially prototypes of Type 2 vans with four-wheel drive were built plus tested.
A swing axle is a easy kind of independent suspension crafted plus patented by Edmund Rumpler inside 1903. This had been a revolutionary innovation inside the automotive industry, permitting wheels with respond with irregularities of road surfaces independently, plus help the car with keep a solid road carrying. The first automotive application was the Rumpler Tropfenwagen, the Standard Superior as well as the Volkswagen Beetle.
Many later vehicle back swing axles have universal joints connecting the driveshafts with the differential, that is connected with the chassis. They never have universal joints at the wheels: the wheels are constantly perpendicular with the driveshafts. Swing axle suspensions traditionally chosen leaf springs plus shock absorbers. It was equally employed inside early aircraft, like the Sopwith plus Fokker, normally with rubber bungee plus no damping.
The T2c, that has a somewhat raised rooftop Ã¢Â€Â� by regarding 10 cm Ã¢Â€Â� inside the early 1990s, is made for the South American plus Central American markets. It is imported into additional nations, like the UK.
Because manufacturing of the authentic Beetle was halted inside late 2003 because a 2004 model, the T2 stayed truly the only Volkswagen model with all the conventional air-cooled, rear-mounted boxer engine till the Brazilian model changed with a water-cooled engine about 23 December 2005. There had been a 1.6 L 50 hp water-cooled diesel engined variation of the T2, that was produced from 1981 with 1985 inside Brazil. This adaptation was pretty affordable Ã¢Â€Â� values from 15 km/l with 18 km/l are reported Ã¢Â€Â� yet it suffered from low performance plus an insufficiently capable cooling program, that led with brief engine lifetime.
The end of the Volkswagen air-cooled engine about a worldwide basis was marked with a Special Edition Kombi. An exclusive Silver paint job, plus limited edition emblems were used with just 220 units inside late 2005, plus were available because 2006 models.
An aircooled along with a watercooled VW Kombi, prepared inside Brazil. Model years 2005 plus 2006.
More onerous emissions regulations introduced by the Brazilian government for 2006 forced a shift with water-cooled motors. The unique "Flex Fuel" water-cooled engine might run about petrol in addition to alcohol. Borrowed within the Volkswagen Fox, the engine is a rear-mounted EA-111 1.4 L 8v Total Flex 1,390 cc, 58 kW about petrol, plus 60 kW whenever run about ethanol, plus 124 NÃ�Â·m torque. This adaptation has been quite lucrative, inspite of the minor changes prepared with the total T2-bodied car. It nevertheless involves the four-speed transmission, however with a new final drive ratio it may cruise at 120 km/h at 4,100 rpm. Top speed is 130 km/h. 0 with 100 km/h is attained inside 22.7 seconds. Improvements were prepared with 6.6% greater gas economy, plus almost 2 decibel less sound.
The Volkswagen Type T2 is undoubtedly the greatest model run inside Brazil, having been introduced inside September 1950 because the Volkswagen "Kombi", a name it has kept throughout manufacturing. The fierce competition from European front-wheel drive new generation vans nonetheless cannot match the Kombi's unparalleled cost-benefit equation. Just yielded inside 2 versions, bus or panel van, it provides just 1 factory option: the back window defog. As of June 2009, the T2 is made at the Volkswagen Group's SÃ�Â£o Bernardo do Campo plant at a rate of 97 daily.
An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear. On wheeled cars, the axle can be fixed with the wheels, rotating with them, or fixed with the car, with all the wheels rotating about the axle. In the former case, bearings or bushings are offered at the mounting points where the axle is supported. In the latter case, a bearing or bushing sits inside a central hole inside the wheel with enable the wheel or gear with turn about the axle. Occasionally, incredibly about bicycles, the latter kind axle is called a spindle.
On vehicles plus pickups, many senses of the term "axle" happen inside everyday use, referring with the shaft itself, its housing, or any transverse pair of wheels. Strictly talking, a shaft that rotates with all the wheel, being either bolted or splined inside fixed connection into it, is known as an "axle" or "axle shaft". However, inside looser use an whole assembly including the surrounding "axle housing" is also known as an "axle".
An even broader sense of the term pertains with each pair of parallel wheels about opposite sides of the car, irrespective of their mechanical connection with every additional plus with the car frame or body. Thus, transverse pairs of wheels inside an independent suspension can be called "an axle" inside certain contexts. This fairly loose description of "axle" is usually utilized inside assessing road tolls or car taxes, plus is taken because a rough proxy for the total weight-bearing ability of the car, as well as its possible for causing wear or damage with roadway surfaces.
The creation of the Brazilian Volkswagen Kombi ends inside 2013 with a manufacturing run of 600 Last Edition cars. The phaseout of the T2c marks the finish of a era that lasted because 1945 (whenever began the next generation of Volkswagen Type-1 - it is the final manufacturing of metal-made bumper vehicles following 68 years. A short film called "Kombi's last wishes" was produced by VW Brazil.