Toyota Camry Vienta Holden Apollo 1993-1996 Haynes Service Repair Manual
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Toyota Camry / Vienta & Holden Apollo 1993 - 1996 Haynes Owners Service & Repair Manual covers Sedans, Coupes and Wagons: * Toyota Camry & Vienta Series SDV10 and VDV10 * Holden Apollo Series JM & JP .
Both 5-speed manual and 4-speed automatic transmissions are described.
Contents: * Introduction * Tune-Up and Routine Maintenance * 4 Cylinder Engine * V6 Engines * General Engine Overhaul Procedures * Cooling, Heating and Air Conditioning Systems * Fuel and Exhaust Systems * Engine Electrical Systems * Emissions Control Systems * Manual Transmission * Automatic Transmission * Clutch and Driveline * Brakes * Suspension and Steering Systems * Body * Chassis Electrical Systems * Wiring Diagrams
NOTE: Only maintenance, adjustment, minor repair procedures plus removal and installation are described for the transmissions.
The Toyota Camry is an car available internationally by the Japanese maker Toyota because 1982, spanning several decades. Originally compact inside size, later Camry models have grown to match the mid-size classificationâalthough the 2 sizes co-existed inside 1990s. Because the launch of the wide-bodied versions, Camry has been extolled by Toyota because the firm's 2nd "planet car" following the Corolla. In Japan, Camry is exclusive with Toyota Corolla Store retail dealerships. Narrow-body vehicles furthermore spawned a rebadged sibling inside Japan, the Toyota Vistaâalso introduced inside 1982 plus available at Toyota Vista Store places. Diesel gas versions have earlier retailed at Toyota Diesel Store.
Between 1979 plus 1982, the Camry nameplate was delegated with a four-door sedan model inside Japan, well-known as the Celica Camry. Whenever Camry became an independent model line inside 1982 with all the V10 series, Toyota produced it accessible because a five-door liftback inside addition with the sedan body styleâboth driven by gasoline plus diesel inline-four machines. At this point, Camry, today an global model line, was placed above the Carina plus Corona, 2 additional similar-sized cars produced by Toyota. The next Camry V20 series, debuted inside 1986 following much the same formula because its predecessor. A station wagon substituted the liftback body variant along with a V6 engine choice arrived. At the same time, Japan-only hardtop sedans prepared their first.
Japanese sedans dropped the Gracia suffix inside 1999, though it was retained by the wagon till its 2001 demiseâwithdrawn within the marketplace due with declining recognition. From 1998, the Vista ended its Camry alignment, plus rather branched into an independent model line with all the V50 series for an additional generation before the nameplate was withdrawn inside 2003. The next wide-body model, the XV30, came inside 2001. Then available just because a sedan, it today available 2 different front- plus rear-end shape treatments. Japan plus many worldwide markets received 1 style; a separate, more traditional adaptation covered markets inside East plus Southeast Asia. With the XV40 of 2006, the Camry-derived Aurion become the donor model for the more traditional Camry available inside this area. The next plus active XV50 available because 2011 has lead to more markets adopting the alternative body panels, like Japan plus Eastern Europe.
Competing with mainstream plus more affordable models inside Japan plus many export markets, for alternative East plus Southeast Asian markets, the Camry is watched because a deluxe automobile where it sells strongly. In the United States, except for 2001, the Camry has been the best-selling passenger automobile as much as 2013 because 1997. The Camry moreover sells perfectly inside Australia plus more lately inside the Middle East plus Eastern Europe. Up till 2004, little numbers had been exported with Western Europe. Despite global achievement, plus early achievement inside Japan, the later wide-body models have been a low-volume model inside its house marketplace of Japan.
The inline-four engine or straight-four engine is a kind of internal combustion 4 cylinder engine with all 4 cylinders installed inside a straight line, or airplane over the crankcase. The single bank of cylinders can be oriented inside either a vertical or an inclined airplane with the pistons driving a prevalent crankshaft. Where it really is inclined, it is very occasionally called a slant-four. In a specification chart or whenever an abbreviation is utilized, an inline-four engine is indexed either because I4 or L4.
The inline-four design is within ideal main balance plus confers a degree of mechanical simplicity that makes it common for economy vehicles. But, despite its simplicity, it suffers from a secondary imbalance that causes minor vibrations inside small machines. These vibrations become more effective because engine size plus energy heighten, thus the more effective motors employed inside heavier vehicles mostly are more complex designs with over 4 cylinders.
Today all producers of four-cylinder motors for vehicles provide the inline-four design, with Subaru's flat-four engine being a notable exception, so four-cylinder is synonymous with along with a more popular expression than inline-four. The inline-four is the most commonly known engine configuration inside contemporary vehicles, whilst the V6 engine is the next most well known. In the late 2000s, with car producers generating efforts with lessen emissions; plus heighten gas efficiency due with the excellent cost of oil as well as the financial recession, the proportion of modern cars available inside the U.S. with four-cylinder motors rose from 25 % with 47 % between 2005 plus 2008, very inside mid-size cars where a decreasing amount of customers have selected the V6 performance way.
Introduced only with Japan inside July 1990, the Camry V30 carried forward the four-door sedan along with a differently styled hardtop sedan. Like before, either form may be had inside a Vista branded range with revised styling. Both bodies might moreover shape the basis of enlarged wide-body XV10 versions from September 1991, aimed mainly at global markets. The V30 stayed small than the XV10 to provide customers a car in the "5-number" registration category concerning outdoor dimensions plus engine displacement for Japanese car size laws. The rules necessary a body width beneath 1.7 meters, size below four.7 meters, plus machines at or under 2000 cc. Sedans inside the wide-body formatting might market abroad because the Camry XV10âidentical with the small V30 inside many respects except for the front- plus rear-end styling grafted with an otherwise unchanged body plus interior. Hardtop sedans might engender the deluxe Lexus ES 300, that again might couple the existing side profile with rehashed front, back, plus inside designs. The export-oriented ES 300 might market because the Toyota Windom inside Japan.
Dimensions grew somewhat with sedan body size extended with 4,600 millimeters, as well as for the Vista plus Camry hardtops with 4,630 plus 4,370 millimeters, respectively. Penned by Osamu Shikado, the V30's shape is a lot rounder compared to the V20 series. Sedans purge the V20's six-window greenhouse for a four-part setup with integrated window sashes. Up front, the sedan's curved headlamps converge with a slimline grille insert; hardtops receive a slimmer front assembly with narrower lights, as well as the C-pillar is raked more sharply. Base vehicles gain full body-colour coding of peripheral outdoor components.
The four-wheel strut/coil suspension carried over within the V20, though because way about high-end front-drive trims, Toyota added a wheel-stroke-sensitive Toyota Electronic Modulated Suspension plus speed sensitive four-wheel steering.
The accessible powerplants were 3 twin-cam inline-four enginesâthe 1.8-liter 4S-FE, and the 3S-FE plus higher-performance 3S-GE 2.0-liter units. Toyota moreover prepared accessible the 2.0-liter 2C-T turbo-diesel inline-four, as well as for the flagship Camry Prominent just, the 2.0-liter 1VZ-FE gasoline V6.
An up-to-date model appeared inside July 1992. The range of changes ranged from a new, bigger grille along with a revised air conditioner device. At the same time the ZX touring package appeared inside spot of GT, that Toyota discontinued inside combination with its 3S-GE.
The JM series Apollo arrived at Holden dealerships inside March 1993, based found on the enlarged Toyota Camry. These SDV10/VDV10 Toyotas had been introduced with Australia a month earlier, inside February 1993.
1993â1995 Holden Apollo SLX sedan
The heavier size of the unique vehicle was seriously advertised by Toyota because the "wide-body" Camry. Holden's advertising differed inside this sense, with a more subdued tone to aid set it aside. Holden was furthermore granted more shape input with all the unique JM model, found on the grounds of further differentiation between it as well as the Camry clone. Following the establishment of UAAI, Holden instituted a high-security shape centre in the business responsible for producing graphic distinction between venture models. Its autonomy plus secrecy within the rest of the fast permitted the exchange of info in regards to the fresh Camry from 1989, therefore permitting a unique-to-Apollo identity with be crafted. The end happen was an Apollo with its own bumper, bonnet, grille plus headlamp assemblage up front, combined with a markedly different back, with re-styled tail lights along with a decklid-mounted, because opposed with bumper-mounted, registration plate cavity.
Mechanically, the Apollo's setup had been a verbatim copy of the Camry, with steering plus suspension calibrations left unchanged. Likewise, the powertrains were furthermore because fitted with the Toyota with a twin-cam, EFI 2.2 litre 5S-FE straight-four producing 93 kilowatts plus 185 newton metres, with an optional quad-cam EFI 3.0 litre 3VZ-FE V6 generating 136 kilowatts plus 264 newton metres. This figure is 3 kilowatts down found on the equal Camry V6. These V6-engined Apollos showcased larger-diameter 15-inch wheels over the 14-inch diameter selected found on the 2.2. The 2.2 litre models additionally showcased a five-speed guide because standard fitment, though an optional electronically controlled four-speed automatic transmission was available at an additional costâstandard as well as the sole choice about V6s.
Both four-door sedan plus five-door station wagon variants were accessible because before, though trim degrees were limited with SLX plus GS. The SLX was aimed at fleet markets, fitted with energy steering, a radio cassette player, a remote boot plus gas limit launch, plus electrical side-view mirrors. The sedan-only SLX V6 added four-wheel disk brakes over the 2.2 model's front-disc, rear-drum design, with anti-lock brakes found on the V6 accessible because a choice. Wagons without ABS fitted created do with a load-sensing valve system with control back brake lock-up. The high GS trim built found on the SLX level, adding 60/40 split-fold back seats, varying intermittent windscreen wipers, a four-speaker stereo, tachometer, central locking along with a more luxurious inside upholstery design.
At the same time because Toyota's Camry upgrade inside April 1994, Apollo requirements were furthermore uprated somewhat. SLXs today had a four- plus GSs a six-speaker stereo program, up from 2 plus 4, respectively. The SLX additionally received a tachometer plus back mudflaps, whilst the GS variant gained standard fitment cruise control plus energy windows. A next update inside June 1994 fitted a driver's airbag because standard about all models bar the four-cylinder SLX.
TEMS consisted of 4 shock absorbers installed at all 4 wheels, plus might be chosen inside either an automatic or driver chosen mode based found on the installation of the program employed. The technologies was installed about top-level Toyota goods with 4 wheel independent suspension, labeled PEGASUS. Because of the nature of the technologies, TEMS was installed about cars with front plus back independent suspensions.
Based about road conditions, the program might heighten or decrease ride damping force for specific conditions. The TEMS program was conveniently installed with suit ride comfort, plus road handling stability about little suspensions, adding a amount of ride modification found about bigger, higher priced deluxe cars.
As the Japanese recession of the early 1990s started with take impact, the program was enjoyed because an unwanted cost because customers were less inclined with buy items plus services watched because âluxuryâ plus more focused about standard demands. TEMS installation was nonetheless attained about cars which were considered luxurious, like the Toyota Crown, Toyota Century, Toyota Windom, as well as the Toyota Supra plus Toyota Soarer sports vehicles.
Recently the technologies has been installed about deluxe minivans like the Toyota Alphard, Toyota Noah as well as the Toyota Voxy. The TEMS program has been lately called âPiezo TEMSâ, âSkyhook TEMSâ âInfinity TEMSâ plus more newly âAVSâ.
A defogger, demister, or defroster is a program with well-defined condensation plus thaw frost within the windshield, backglass, and/or side windows of the engine car.
For main defogging, heat is usually offered by the vehicle's engine coolant through the heater core; fresh air is blown from the heater core plus then ducted with plus distributed over the inside surface of the windshield with a blower. This air is within several situations initial dehumidified by passing it by the vehicle's working air conditioner evaporator. Such dehumidification makes the defogger more efficient plus quicker, for the dried air has a better capability with absorb water within the glass where it is actually guided.
Secondary defoggers, like those utilized about a vehicle's backglass and/or side see mirrors, usually comprise of the series of parallel linear resistive conductors inside or found on the glass. When energy is used, these conductors heat up, thawing ice plus evaporating condensation within the glass. These conductors can be composed of the silver-ceramic information printed plus baked onto the inside surface of the glass, or can be a series of pretty fine wiring embedded in the glass. The surface-printed range is inclined with damage by abrasion, yet is repaired conveniently with a conductive paint information.
Resistive-heat defoggers are loaded with an automatic timer to work for a set time period of 10 with 15 minutes before flipping off. This really is because most defogging is attained inside which timeframe, following that the vehicle's heater has generally brought the interior of the car with a warm enough temperature which the fog refuses to recur. However, when this might be not the case, the driver might activate the program again when it has timed out. There is a telltale found on the car dashboard, usually found on the defogger switch, with allow the driver recognize the program is active.
A steering column will furthermore do the following secondary functions:
power dissipation administration inside the event of the frontal collision;
offer mounting for: the multi-function switch, column lock, column wiring, column shroud, transmission gear selector, gauges or different instruments and also the electro engine plus gear units found inside EPAS plus SbW systems;
provide change with suit driver preference
In automotive electronics, electronic control device is a generic expression for any embedded program which controls 1 or even more of the electric program or subsystems inside a engine car.
Kinds of ECU include electronic/engine control component, powertrain control component, transmission control component, brake control component, central control component, central timing component, general electronic component, body control component, suspension control component, control device, or control component. Taken together, these systems are often called the car's computer. Occasionally 1 assembly provides many of the individual control modules
Many contemporary engine cars have as much as 80 ECUs. Embedded software inside ECUs continue with heighten inside line count, complexity, plus sophistication. Managing the improving complexity plus quantity of ECUs inside a car has become a key challenge for authentic equipment producers.
An airbag is a car protection device. It is an resident restraint program consisting of the flexible cloth envelope or pillow crafted with inflate quickly throughout an vehicle collision. Its cause is with cushion occupants throughout a crash plus offer security with their bodies whenever they strike inside objects like the steering wheel or perhaps a window. Modern cars can contain numerous airbag modules inside many side plus frontal places of the passenger seating positions, plus sensors can deploy 1 or even more airbags inside an impact zone at varying rates based found on the kind, angle plus severity of impact; the airbag is made with just inflate inside moderate with serious frontal accidents. Airbags are usually fashioned with the intention of supplementing the security of a resident whom is properly restrained with a seatbelt. Most designs are inflated from pyrotechnic signifies plus will just be operated when. New side-impact airbag modules comprise of compressed air cylinders which are caused inside the event of the side impact car impact.
The initially commercial designs were introduced inside passenger vehicles throughout the 1970s with limited achievement. Broad commercial adoption of airbags happened inside numerous markets throughout the late 1980s plus early 1990s with a driver airbag, along with a front passenger airbag too about several cars; plus several contemporary cars today include 4 or even more units.
In 1988, Chrysler was the initially US organization with install standard driver's side air bags. They came inside six lines of its excellent amount manufacturing passenger vehicles. The following year, Chrysler became the initially US car producer with install driver-side air bags in every its domestic-built cars. All versions of the Chrysler minivans came with airbags beginning January 1991. In 1992, the Jeep Grand Cherokee became the initial SUV with airbags inside the market. Driver plus passenger air bags became standard equipment in every Dodge Intrepid, Eagle Vision, plus Chrysler Concorde sedans before any laws. Early 1993 saw the 4-millionth air bag-equipped Chrysler car roll off the assembly line. In October 1993, the Dodge Rams became the initial pickup pickups with airbags.
The US Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 necessary passenger vehicles plus light pickups built following September 1, 1998 with have air bags for the driver as well as the appropriate front passenger. In the US, NHTSA estimated which air bags had saved over 4,600 lives by September 1, 1999; though, the crash deployment experience of the early 1990s installations indicated which certain deaths plus severe injuries were not surprisingly caused by air bags. In 1998, NHTSA with initiated fresh rules for advanced air bags which gave automakers more flexibility inside devising efficient technological solutions. The revised rules moreover needed improved security for occupants of different models whether they employ seat belts, whilst reducing the danger with babies, kids, plus alternative occupants caused by air bags.
In Europe, airbags were virtually completely missing from family vehicles till the early 1990s. The initially European Ford with feature an airbag was the facelifted Escort MK5b inside 1992; inside a year, the whole Ford range had at smallest 1 airbag because standard. By the mid-1990s, European marketplace leaders including Vauxhall/Opel, Rover, Peugeot, Renault plus Fiat had included airbags because at minimum optional equipment over their model ranges. By the finish of the decade, it was especially uncommon to obtain a mass marketplace auto without an airbag, plus certain late 1990s goods, like the Volkswagen Golf Mk4 furthermore showcased side airbags. The Peugeot 306 is 1 illustration of European mass marketplace vehicles development beginning from early 1993 whenever these brand-new models didn't even have a driver's airbag because a choice, yet by 1999, even side airbags were accessible about many variants. On the other hand, Audi was late to provide airbag systems about a broader scale, because even with the 1994 model year its common models didn't provide airbags. Instead, the German automaker till then relied entirely about its proprietary procon-ten restraint program.
During the 2000s, side-impact airbags became commonplace about even low- with mid-range cars, including the smaller-engined versions of the Ford Fiesta plus Peugeot 206, plus curtain airbags were equally becoming normal attributes about mass marketplace vehicles. The Toyota Avensis, introduced inside 1998, was the initially mass marketplace automobile with be available inside Europe with 9 airbags. In several nations, including Russia, airbags continue to be not standard equipment about all vehicles, including those produced by Lada.
Variable force deployment front airbags were developed to aid reduce injury within the airbag itself.