â�� Introductory Pages
Introduction to the Toyota Camry; About this Manual; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Buying Parts; Maintenance Techniques, Tools and Working Facilities; Stereo Anti-Theft System Precaurion; Booster Battery (jump) starting; Jacking and Towing; Automotive Chemicals and Lubricants; Conversion Tables; Safety First!; Troubleshooting
â�� Tune-Up and Routine Maintenance
â�� Four Cylinder Engine
â�� V6 Engine
â�� General Engine Overhaul Procedures
â�� Cooling, Heating & Air Conditioning Systems
â�� Fuel and Exhaust Systems
â�� Engine Electrical Systems
â�� Emissions and Engine Control Systems
â�� Manual Transaxle
â�� Automatic Transaxle
â�� Clutch and Driveaxles
â�� Suspension and Steering Systems
â�� Chassis Electrical System
â�� Wiring Diagrams
NOTE: Only maintenance, adjustment, minor repair procedures plus removal and installation are described for the transmissions.
Gregory's workshop manuals are produced for the Australian market. These vehicle specifications may vary from those sold in other countries. Please be aware of these possible differences prior to using the data contained within.
The Toyota Camry is an car available internationally by the Japanese producer Toyota because 1982, spanning several decades. Originally compact inside size, later Camry models have grown to match the mid-size classification---although the 2 sizes co-existed inside 1990s. Because the launch of the wide-bodied versions, Camry has been extolled by Toyota because the fast s next "globe car" following the Corolla. In Japan, Camry is exclusive with Toyota Corolla Store retail dealerships. Narrow-body vehicles furthermore spawned a rebadged sibling inside Japan, the Toyota Vista---also introduced inside 1982 plus available at Toyota Vista Store places. Diesel gas versions have earlier retailed at Toyota Diesel Store.
The Toyota Camry XV30 is a mid-size vehicle which was yielded by Toyota between June 2001 plus January 2006. The XV30 series represented the fifth generation of the Toyota Camry in every markets outside of Japan, that followed a different generational lineage. The XV30 Camry range is split into different model codes indicative of the engine. Four-cylinder models use the ACV30 plus ACV35 codes, with MCV30 plus MCV31 designating the six-cylinder versions.
In September 2001, the 2002 model year Toyota Camry was introduced because a heavier sedan just, nevertheless without a station wagon for the first-time. Due with station wagons losing recognition with minivans plus crossover SUVs, the Camry wagon was changed by the Sienna minivan as well as the Highlander SUV, both cars using the Camry s platform.
Development of the XV30 started inside 1997 following release of the XV20 beneath chief engineer Kosaku Yamada. By 1999, 26 months before scheduled manufacturing, a fresh shape by Hiroyuki Metsugi was selected plus later frozen for June 2001 manufacturing. The creation development task was reduced by 10 months, within the before XV20 s 36 months with 26 months.
The Toyota Camry is a mid-size auto which was available by Toyota between September 1996 plus 2001 inside Japan plus North America, plus 1997 plus 2002 inside Australia. Introduced about 3 September 1996, the XV20 series represented the 4th generation of the Toyota Camry in every markets outside of Japan, that followed a different generational lineage. The XV20 Camry range is split into different model codes indicative of the engine. Four-cylinder models use the SXV20 plus SXV23 codes, with MCV20 designating the six-cylinder versions.
The XV20 Camry continued because a sedan plus station wagon, though the latter model wasn't available inside North America, where the sedan was established inside 1996 for the 1997 model year. The XV20 Camry was available inside 2.2-liter I4 plus 3.0-liter V6 versions. This was the initial Camry with be badge-engineered because a Daihatsu; the Daihatsu Altis available inside Japan was identical with the export adaptation of the Camry. The Japanese Scepter ceased with exist because the Japanese Camrys adopted the 1,795 mm broad platform, therefore incurring an improved taxes liability inside Japan due with its extended size plus width according with Japanese outdoor dimension limits. The Vista started departing within the Camry, remaining 1,700 mm broad plus eventually forming the basis of the growing Corolla. Additionally, the Vista s sheet metal resembled a tall, formal sedan, whilst the Camry became sleeker. The Lexus ES 300 was again built within the Windom, that utilizes the Camry chassis.
As Japanese yen soared inside the mid-1990s, the redesigned Camry had less content than the past model beneath stress with decrease bills. After the first of the XV10 inside 1991, development instantly started beneath Kosaku Yamada. Styling ended with a winning shape competition proposal "C" by Masahiko Kawatsu being selected inside August 1993, 36 months before scheduled creation. The final XV20 shape was later frozen inside April 1994, 28 months before scheduled manufacturing begin inside August 1996. Prototypes were tested throughout 1995 plus 1996.
In August 1999 for the 2000 model year, the sedan models inside North America received a mid-model upgrade with the front plus back fascias, this included heavier headlights which today feature a four-bulb program rather of 2, a separated grille with chrome surround, heavier taillights, plus greater body-side modeling. Toyota Australia began creation of the facelift model inside 2000.
Between 1979 plus 1982, the Camry nameplate was delegated with a four-door sedan model inside Japan, recognised as the Celica Camry. Whenever Camry became an independent model line inside 1982 with all the V10 series, Toyota prepared it accessible because a five-door liftback inside addition with the sedan body style---both driven by gasoline plus diesel inline-four motors. At this point, Camry, today an global model line, was placed above the Carina plus Corona, 2 alternative similar-sized cars produced by Toyota. The next Camry V20 series, debuted inside 1986 following much the same formula because its predecessor. A station wagon substituted the liftback body variant along with a V6 engine choice arrived. At the same time, Japan-only hardtop sedans prepared their first.
In Australia, unlike the past generation, the Camry name was equally used with the V6 variants, when the Vienta V6 range was revised because the "upmarket" models. The line-up of 4-cylinder Camry models consisted of the CSI, Conquest plus CSX models; all 3 variants were obtainable in sedan or wagon body designs. The Camry V6 models consisted of CSI plus Conquest, with all the wagon models just obtainable in automatic transmission.
The Camry V6 Touring Series sedan model was established inside March 1999.
The Vienta line up consisted of VXI plus Grande sedan models as well as the VXI wagon. The VXI model was a V6-powered variation of the 4-cylinder Camry CSX model.
1998--2000 Toyota Camry CSi wagon, Australia
2000--2002 Toyota Camry Conquest wagon, Australia
In September 2000, the revised Camry was established. The Vienta V6 range was discontinued due with the release of the Avalon sedan inside July 2000 plus 2 fresh models were put into the Camry range: the top-of-the-range Azura V6 sedan as well as the Touring Series V6 wagon, both of that were accessible with an automatic transmission just. Towards the finish of the model run, the limited edition Intrigue plus Advantage sedans were introduced.
Wheel sizes differ about this form of Camry, with several utilizing 14" wheels, when others utilize 15".
The business changed the V20 inside 1990 with all the V30 sedan plus hardtop, however, this model series was exclusive with Japan. Automotive taxes laws because nation dictated the retention of the narrower body because used inside past Camry decades. But, overseas need for a bigger Camry lead to the development of the wide-body XV10 sedan plus station wagon which arrived inside 1991. Japan moreover received the wider XV10 because the Toyota Scepter . The organization then issued an XV10-bodied coup inside 1993 which was spun-off inside 1998 because an independent model line, titled Camry Solara. Whenever the Japanese marketplace received a fresh narrow-body V40 series inside 1994 with substitute V30, the wide-body XV10 continued unchanged. Its substitution, the XV20, arrived inside 1996---named Camry Gracia inside Japan. It wasn't till the narrow V40 ended manufacture inside 1998 which the Camry inside Japan was with again mirror the vehicles available internationally.
Japanese sedans dropped the Gracia suffix inside 1999, though it was retained by the wagon till its 2001 demise---withdrawn within the marketplace due with declining recognition. From 1998, the Vista ended its Camry alignment, plus rather branched into an independent model line with all the V50 series for an additional generation before the nameplate was withdrawn inside 2003. The next wide-body model, the XV30, came inside 2001. Then available just because a sedan, it today available 2 different front- plus rear-end shape treatments. Japan plus many international markets received 1 style; a separate, more traditional variation covered markets inside East plus Southeast Asia. With the XV40 of 2006, the Camry-derived Aurion become the donor model for the more traditional Camry available inside this area. The next plus present XV50 available because 2011 has lead to a lot more markets adopting the alternative body panels, like Japan plus Eastern Europe.
Competing with mainstream plus more affordable models inside Japan plus many export markets, for alternative East plus Southeast Asian markets, the Camry is watched because a deluxe automobile where it sells strongly. In the United States, except for 2001, the Camry has been the best-selling passenger auto as much as 2013 because 1997. The Camry additionally sells perfectly inside Australia plus more lately inside the Middle East plus Eastern Europe. Up till 2004, little numbers had been exported with Western Europe. Despite global achievement, plus early achievement inside Japan, the later wide-body models have been a low-volume model inside its house marketplace of Japan.
The inline-four engine or straight-four engine is a kind of internal combustion 4 cylinder engine with all 4 cylinders installed inside a straight line, or airplane over the crankcase. The single bank of cylinders can be oriented inside either a vertical or an inclined airplane with the pistons driving a normal crankshaft. Where it's inclined, it happens to be occasionally called a slant-four. In a specification chart or whenever an abbreviation is selected, an inline-four engine is indexed either because I4 or L4.
The inline-four design is within ideal main balance plus confers a degree of mechanical simplicity that makes it common for economy vehicles. But, despite its simplicity, it suffers from a secondary imbalance that causes minor vibrations inside small motors. These vibrations become more effective because engine size plus force heighten, thus the more effective machines selected inside greater vehicles usually are more complex designs with over 4 cylinders.
Today all producers of four-cylinder motors for vehicles make the inline-four design, with Subaru s flat-four engine being a notable exception, so four-cylinder is synonymous with along with a more popular expression than inline-four. The inline-four is the most commonly known engine configuration inside contemporary vehicles, when the V6 engine is the 2nd best. In the late 2000s, with car producers generating efforts with lower emissions; plus heighten gas efficiency due with the excellent cost of oil as well as the financial recession, the proportion of unique cars available inside the U.S. with four-cylinder machines rose from 20 % with 47 % between 2005 plus 2008, very inside mid-size cars where a decreasing amount of customers have selected the V6 performance choice.
Introduced only with Japan inside July 1990, the Camry V30 carried forward the four-door sedan along with a differently styled hardtop sedan. Like before, either form might be had inside a Vista branded range with revised styling. Both bodies might additionally shape the basis of enlarged wide-body XV10 versions from September 1991, aimed mainly at global markets. The V30 stayed small than the XV10 to provide customers a car in the "5-number" registration category concerning outdoor dimensions plus engine displacement for Japanese car size laws. The rules necessary a body width below 1.7 meters, size beneath four.7 meters, plus motors at or under 2000 cc. Sedans inside the wide-body structure might market abroad because the Camry XV10---identical with the small V30 inside many respects except for the front- plus rear-end styling grafted with an otherwise unchanged body plus interior. Hardtop sedans might engender the deluxe Lexus ES 300, that again might couple the existing side profile with rehashed front, back, plus inside designs. The export-oriented ES 300 might market because the Toyota Windom inside Japan.
Dimensions grew somewhat with sedan body size extended with 4,600 millimeters, as well as for the Vista plus Camry hardtops with 4,630 plus 4,370 millimeters, respectively. Penned by Osamu Shikado, the V30 s shape is a lot rounder compared to the V20 series. Sedans purge the V20 s six-window greenhouse for a four-part setup with integrated window sashes. Up front, the sedan s curved headlamps converge with a slimline grille insert; hardtops receive a slimmer front assembly with narrower lights, as well as the C-pillar is raked more sharply. Base vehicles gain full body-colour coding of peripheral outdoor components.
The four-wheel strut/coil suspension carried over within the V20, though because way about high-end front-drive trims, Toyota added a wheel-stroke-sensitive Toyota Electronic Modulated Suspension plus speed sensitive four-wheel steering.
The accessible powerplants were 3 twin-cam inline-four engines---the 1.8-liter 4S-FE, and the 3S-FE plus higher-performance 3S-GE 2.0-liter units. Toyota moreover created accessible the 2.0-liter 2C-T turbo-diesel inline-four, as well as for the flagship Camry Prominent just, the 2.0-liter 1VZ-FE gasoline V6.
An up-to-date model appeared inside July 1992. The range of changes ranged from a brand-new, heavier grille along with a revised air conditioner device. At the same time the ZX touring package appeared inside destination of GT, that Toyota discontinued inside combination with its 3S-GE.
The JM series Apollo arrived at Holden dealerships inside March 1993, based found on the enlarged Toyota Camry. These SDV10/VDV10 Toyotas had been introduced with Australia a month earlier, inside February 1993.
1993--1995 Holden Apollo SLX sedan
The heavier size of the modern auto was seriously advertised by Toyota because the "wide-body" Camry. Holden s advertising differed inside this sense, with a more subdued tone to aid set it aside. Holden was equally granted extra shape input with all the hot JM model, found on the grounds of further differentiation between it as well as the Camry clone. Following the establishment of UAAI, Holden instituted a high-security shape centre in the firm responsible for producing graphic distinction between venture models. Its autonomy plus secrecy within the rest of the fast permitted the exchange of info in regards to the hot Camry from 1989, therefore permitting a unique-to-Apollo identity with be crafted. The end happen was an Apollo with its own bumper, bonnet, grille plus headlamp assemblage up front, combined with a markedly different back, with re-styled tail lights along with a decklid-mounted, because opposed with bumper-mounted, registration plate cavity.
Mechanically, the Apollo s setup had been a verbatim copy of the Camry, with steering plus suspension calibrations left unchanged. Likewise, the powertrains were moreover because fitted with the Toyota with a twin-cam, EFI 2.2 litre 5S-FE straight-four producing 93 kilowatts plus 185 newton metres, with an optional quad-cam EFI 3.0 litre 3VZ-FE V6 creating 136 kilowatts plus 264 newton metres. This figure is 3 kilowatts down found on the equal Camry V6. These V6-engined Apollos showcased larger-diameter 15-inch wheels over the 14-inch diameter selected found on the 2.2. The 2.2 litre models furthermore showcased a five-speed guide because standard fitment, though an optional electronically controlled four-speed automatic transmission was available at an additional cost---standard as well as the sole choice about V6s.
Both four-door sedan plus five-door station wagon variants were accessible because before, though trim degrees were limited with SLX plus GS. The SLX was aimed at fleet markets, fitted with energy steering, a radio cassette player, a remote boot plus gas limit launch, plus electrical side-view mirrors. The sedan-only SLX V6 added four-wheel disk brakes over the 2.2 model s front-disc, rear-drum design, with anti-lock brakes found on the V6 accessible because a choice. Wagons without ABS fitted created do with a load-sensing valve system with control back brake lock-up. The high GS trim built found on the SLX level, adding 60/40 split-fold back seats, varying intermittent windscreen wipers, a four-speaker stereo, tachometer, central locking along with a more luxurious inside upholstery design.
At the same time because Toyota s Camry upgrade inside April 1994, Apollo requirements were furthermore uprated somewhat. SLXs today had a four- plus GSs a six-speaker stereo program, up from 2 plus 4, respectively. The SLX moreover received a tachometer plus back mudflaps, whilst the GS variant gained standard fitment cruise control plus energy windows. A next update inside June 1994 fitted a driver s airbag because standard about all models bar the four-cylinder SLX.
TEMS consisted of 4 shock absorbers installed at all 4 wheels, plus can be selected inside either an automatic or driver chosen mode based found on the installation of the program employed. The development was installed about top-level Toyota goods with 4 wheel independent suspension, labeled PEGASUS. Because of the nature of the technologies, TEMS was installed about cars with front plus back independent suspensions.
Based about road conditions, the program might heighten or decrease ride damping force for specific scenarios. The TEMS program was conveniently installed with suit ride comfort, plus road handling stability about little suspensions, adding a amount of ride modification found about bigger, higher priced deluxe cars.
As the Japanese recession of the early 1990s started with take impact, the program was watched because an unneeded cost because customers were less inclined with buy treatments plus services enjoyed because "luxury" plus more focused about standard requirements. TEMS installation was nonetheless accomplished about cars that have been considered luxurious, like the Toyota Crown, Toyota Century, Toyota Windom, as well as the Toyota Supra plus Toyota Soarer sports vehicles.
Recently the technologies has been installed about deluxe minivans like the Toyota Alphard, Toyota Noah as well as the Toyota Voxy. The TEMS program has been lately called "Piezo TEMS", "Skyhook TEMS" "Infinity TEMS" plus more lately "AVS".
A defogger, demister, or defroster is a program with well-defined condensation plus thaw frost within the windshield, backglass, and/or side windows of the engine car.
For main defogging, heat is usually offered by the car s engine coolant through the heater core; fresh air is blown from the heater core plus then ducted with plus distributed over the inside surface of the windshield with a blower. This air is within many instances initial dehumidified by passing it from the car s working air conditioner evaporator. Such dehumidification makes the defogger more efficient plus quicker, for the dried air has a better ability with absorb water within the glass where it is actually guided.
Secondary defoggers, like those selected about a car s backglass and/or side see mirrors, frequently comprise of the series of parallel linear resistive conductors inside or found on the glass. When energy is used, these conductors heat up, thawing ice plus evaporating condensation within the glass. These conductors can be composed of the silver-ceramic information printed plus baked onto the inside surface of the glass, or can be a series of rather fine wiring embedded in the glass. The surface-printed range is inclined with damage by abrasion, however is repaired conveniently with a conductive paint information.
Resistive-heat defoggers are built with an automatic timer to work for a set time period of 10 with 15 minutes before flipping off. This really is because most defogging is accomplished inside which timeframe, following that the car s heater has generally brought the interior of the car with a warm enough temperature which the fog refuses to recur. However, if this might be not the case, the driver can activate the program again when it has timed out. There is a telltale found on the car dashboard, frequently found on the defogger switch, with allow the driver learn the program is active.
A steering column could equally work the following secondary functions:
stamina dissipation administration inside the event of the frontal collision;
supply mounting for: the multi-function switch, column lock, column wiring, column shroud, transmission gear selector, gauges or alternative instruments and also the electro engine plus gear units found inside EPAS plus SbW systems;
provide change with suit driver preference
In automotive electronics, electronic control device is a generic expression for any embedded program which controls 1 or even more of the electric program or subsystems inside a engine car.
Kinds of ECU include electronic/engine control component, powertrain control component, transmission control component, brake control component, central control component, central timing component, general electronic component, body control component, suspension control component, control device, or control component. Taken together, these systems are occasionally called the vehicle s computer. Occasionally 1 assembly includes many of the individual control modules
Many contemporary engine cars have as much as 80 ECUs. Embedded software inside ECUs continue with strengthen inside line count, complexity, plus sophistication. Managing the improving complexity plus quantity of ECUs inside a car has become a key challenge for authentic equipment producers.
An airbag is a car protection device. It is an resident restraint program consisting of the flexible cloth envelope or pillow crafted with inflate fast throughout an car collision. Its cause is with cushion occupants throughout a crash plus offer security with their bodies whenever they strike inside objects like the steering wheel or perhaps a window. Modern cars will contain numerous airbag modules inside many side plus frontal places of the passenger seating positions, plus sensors might deploy 1 or even more airbags inside an impact zone at varying rates based found on the kind, angle plus severity of impact; the airbag is made with just inflate inside moderate with serious frontal accidents. Airbags are usually made with the intention of supplementing the security of a resident whom is properly restrained with a seatbelt. Most designs are inflated from pyrotechnic signifies plus may just be operated when. New side-impact airbag modules comprise of compressed air cylinders which are caused inside the event of the side impact car impact.
The initially commercial designs were introduced inside passenger vehicles throughout the 1970s with limited achievement. Broad commercial adoption of airbags happened inside countless markets throughout the late 1980s plus early 1990s with a driver airbag, along with a front passenger airbag too about several cars; plus countless contemporary cars today include 4 or even more units.
In 1988, Chrysler was the initial US organization with install standard driver s side air bags. They came inside six lines of its significant amount creation passenger vehicles. The following year, Chrysler became the initial US car producer with install driver-side air bags in every its domestic-built cars. All versions of the Chrysler minivans came with airbags beginning January 1991. In 1992, the Jeep Grand Cherokee became the initial SUV with airbags inside the market. Driver plus passenger air bags became standard equipment in every Dodge Intrepid, Eagle Vision, plus Chrysler Concorde sedans before any laws. Early 1993 saw the 4-millionth air bag-equipped Chrysler car roll off the assembly line. In October 1993, the Dodge Rams became the initially pickup pickups with airbags.
The US Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 necessary passenger vehicles plus light pickups built following September 1, 1998 with have air bags for the driver as well as the proper front passenger. In the US, NHTSA estimated which air bags had saved over 4,600 lives by September 1, 1999; still, the crash deployment experience of the early 1990s installations indicated which several deaths plus severe injuries were on the contrary caused by air bags. In 1998, NHTSA with initiated unique rules for advanced air bags which gave automakers more flexibility inside devising efficient technological solutions. The revised rules equally needed improved security for occupants of different models whether they employ seat belts, whilst reducing the danger with babies, youngsters, plus different occupants caused by air bags.
In Europe, airbags were virtually completely missing from family vehicles till the early 1990s. The initial European Ford with feature an airbag was the facelifted Escort MK5b inside 1992; in per year, the whole Ford range had at minimum 1 airbag because standard. By the mid-1990s, European marketplace leaders like Vauxhall/Opel, Rover, Peugeot, Renault plus Fiat had included airbags because at minimum optional equipment over their model ranges. By the finish of the decade, it was surprisingly uncommon to locate a mass marketplace auto without an airbag, plus several late 1990s goods, including the Volkswagen Golf Mk4 additionally showcased side airbags. The Peugeot 306 is 1 illustration of European mass marketplace vehicles development beginning from early 1993 whenever these modern models didn't even have a driver s airbag because a choice, however, by 1999, even side airbags were accessible about many variants. On the other hand, Audi was late to provide airbag systems about a broader scale, because even with the 1994 model year its common models didn't provide airbags. Instead, the German automaker till then relied only about its proprietary procon-ten restraint program.
During the 2000s, side-impact airbags became commonplace about even low- with mid-range cars, like the smaller-engined versions of the Ford Fiesta plus Peugeot 206, plus curtain airbags were equally becoming usual qualities about mass marketplace vehicles. The Toyota Avensis, introduced inside 1998, was the initially mass marketplace auto with be available inside Europe with 9 airbags. In several nations, like Russia, airbags continue to be not standard equipment about all vehicles, including those produced by Lada.
Variable force deployment front airbags were developed to aid reduce injury within the airbag itself.
Toyota Camry Gregorys Owners Service and Repair Manual 1997 - 2002 1998 1999 2000 2001