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Mazda MX 5 Miata 1990 2009 Haynes Service Repair Manual

About the Mazda MX-5

The MX-5, known Miata in North America and Eunos Roadster in Japan, is truly a lightweight two-seater roadster, of front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout, built by Mazda in Hiroshima, Japan. The model has been around since 1989 while in the Chicago Auto Show. The MX-5 was conceived as a roadster - with light weight and minimal mechanical complexity limited only by legal and safety requirements; technologically modern, but a philosophically direct descendant of small British and Italian roadsters in the game 1960s along the lines of the Triumph Spitfire, MG MGB, Fiat 124 Sport Spider, Alfa Romeo Spider and Lotus Elan.

As soon as generation MX-5 (NB) was launched in 1998 in addition to the current (NC) model has always been in production since 2006. It is still the best-selling two-seat convertible sports car of all time and by February 2011 over 900,000 MX-5s happen to be built and sold across the world.

Since the launch of all the third generation MX-5, Mazda consolidated worldwide marketing by using the MX-5 name, though enthusiasts in america alone still refer to it Miata, a name that means "reward" in Old High German, with all the vehicle in 2011 used to be marketed by Mazda in the united states even though the MX-5 Miata in printed showroom brochures.

The MX5's first generation, the NA, sold over 400,000 units from 1989 to 1997 - which has a 1.6 L (98 cu in) straight-4 engine to 1993, a 1.8 L (110 cu in) engine thereafter (that has a de-tuned 1.6 just as a budget option in a few markets) - recognizable by its pop-up headlights. The second generation (NB) has been available since 1998 with a slight increase in engine power; it may possibly be recognized by the chosen fixed headlights with all the glass rear window, although first generation owners may you should also consider the glass window design when replacing the original top. The third generation (NC) has been around since 2005 along with a 2.0 L (120 cu in) engine.

It was eventually launched the next when production of small roadsters had fallen into almost total disuse. The Alfa Romeo Spider was the only comparable volume model in production in the time the MX-5's launch. Merely takes a simple decade earlier, a whole host of similar models - notably the MG B, Triumph TR7, Triumph Spitfire and Fiat Spider - were found to be available.

The body is really a conventional, but light, unibody or monocoque construction, with (detachable) front and rear subframes. The MX-5 also incorporates a truss marketed with regards to Powerplant Frame (PPF) which connects the engine all of the differential, minimizing flex and contributing to responsive handling. Some MX-5s feature limited slip differentials and anti-lock braking system. Traction control is undoubtedly an option available on NC models. More challenging a cars weighed in at just more than a ton, with engine power output usually 116 bhp (87 kW). The later cars were heavier, with higher power engines.

With an approximate 50:50 front/rear weight balance, the car has nearly neutral handling. Inducing oversteer commonly be installed and very controllable, thus making the MX-5 a popular choice for amateur and stock racing, including, in the usa, the Sports Car Club of America's Solo2 autocross and Spec Miata race series and in the united kingdom the Ma5da racing championship.

The MX-5 has won many awards including Wheels Magazine 's Car of the season for 1989 and 2005; Sports Car International's "best sports car all over the 1990s" and "ten best sports cars of all the time"; 2005-2006 Car on the market Japan; and 2005 Australian Car on the market. The Miata in addition has made Car and Driver magazine's annual Ten Best list 11 times. In their December 2009 issue, Grassroots Motorsports magazine named the Miata seeing that the most important sports car built by means of previous twenty five years.

The MX-5 was unveiled while at the Chicago Auto Show on February 10, 1989, along with a price tag of US,000 (US,400 in 2011 adjusted for inflation). The MX-5, with production code NA, was made have been around for delivery to buyers worldwide by next dates: March 1989 in Japan; May 1989 (because of a 1990 model) in the us alone and Canada; and 1990 in Europe. An optional hardtop was made available at once, in sheet moulding compound (SMC). Demand initially outstripped production, fueled by enthusiastic press reviews.

In Japan, the motor car was not badged when you're a Mazda, mainly because the company was experimenting with regards to creation of different marques for deluxe models, similar to Nissan's Infiniti and Toyota's Lexus (both brands of which launched together as the Miata). Instead, the Mazda MX-5 was sold due to the fact Eunos Roadster in that market.

The entire body shell in regards to NA was all-steel by using a light-weight aluminium hood. Overall dimensions were 3,970 mm (156 in) in length, 1,675 mm (65.9 in) in width, and 1,235 mm (48.6 in) in height. Without options, the NA weighed only 2,150 lb (980 kg). Coefficient of drag was indicated as 0.38. Suspension was a completely independent double wishbone on all four wheels, with an anti-roll bar at the front end and rear. Four wheel-disc brakes, ventilated in front, were behind alloy wheels with 185/60HR14 radial tires. The base model were included with stamped steel wheels coming from a then-current 323/Protege.

1990 Mazda MX5 1,600cc DOHC 4-cylinder engine. This example also has been modified by adding a GReddy TD04(Mitsubishi) turbocharger kit

The very first MX-5 was included with a 1.6 L (98 cu in) dual overhead cam inline four-cylinder engine, producing 86 kW (115 bhp) at 6,800 rpm, and 136 N·m (100 lbf·ft) of torque at 5,500 rpm. The engine employs an electronic fuel injection system by using a vane-type air flow meter as well as an electronic ignition system by way of a camshaft angle sensor rather than distributor. This engine, codename B6ZE(RS), was specifically designed for the MX-5 and featured a lightened crankshaft, flywheel, and aluminum sump with cooling fins.

Standard transmission was 5-speed manual. In Japan or even the US, an optional automatic transmission had also been offered but turned out to be unpopular. The Japanese and American markets also received an optional viscous limited slip rear differential, even though it only agreed to be available for cars by using a manual transmission. To have the low introductory price, the beds base model was stripped. It had steel wheels, manual steering, roll-up windows, resulting in nil stereo or air-conditioning. Power steering, air-conditioning, and stereo were added as standard equipment in later years.

The NA could reach 60 mph (97 km/h) in 8.1 seconds and had a top speed of 126 mph (203 km/h) although Japanese market Eunos models were limited to 112 mph (180 km/h). This first generation of Miata (referred to as the NA) included a special edition in 1991, produced in British Racing Green along with the first use of tan interior.

1500 LE (Limited Edition) cars were produced in 1993. This model featured red leather interior, upgraded stereo, Nardi shift knob, leather-wrapped steering wheel, cruise, limited slip differential, power windows, power mirrors, power steering, air conditioning, BBS wheels, Bilstein shocks, front and rear spoilers, ABS brakes, stainless sill plates, and Harley style peanut tank door speaker trim. All 1993 LE cars came in black.

To get a 1994 model year, the first-generation MX-5 was freshened aided by the introduction all around the more powerful 1.8 L (110 cu in) BP-ZE engine, dual airbags and then a limited slip differential in some markets. The chassis was substantially braced to meet new side-impact standards, most visibly with the help of a "track bar" relating to the seatbelt towers contained in the car, but in addition inside the direction front and back subframes. Also, 1994 and 1995 were truly the only years which experts claim Mazda offered a light metallic blue paint (Laguna Blue Mica), making these cars rare collectors cars to somewhat of an. 1994 also saw the introduction of the "R" package, a sport-themed package with Bilstein shocks and subtle underbody spoilers, aside from the removal of unnecessary items like for example power steering. No body style changes were made, however.

The fresh new 1.8 L (110 cu in) engine produced 98 kW (131 bhp), that has been then increased to 99 kW (133 bhp) used for the 1996 model year. The base weight increased to 990 kg (2,200 lb). Performance was improved slightly, the additional power being partly offset based on the extra weight. A number of markets just like for example Europe, the 1.6 L (98 cu in) engine continued available as a form of lower-cost option, but was detuned to 66 kW (89 bhp). This lower-powered model did not receive all of the additional chassis bracing of this game new 1.8 L (110 cu in). Japanese and US cars were fitted with an optional Torsen LSD, that led to a great deal more durable as opposed to a previous viscous differential.

There was clearly a number of trim levels and special editions available, determined by local Mazda marketing departments. The united states, the base model was offered for US,995 at launch and was very basic, with manual windows, steel wheels, and without A/C or power steering. The "A Package" offered power steering, a leather-wrapped steering wheel, aluminum alloy wheels and cassette stereo. The "B Package" added power windows, and as well cruise control and headrest speakers, while the "C Package" included a tan interior and top and leather seats. The "R Package" was for racing, and so the annual special editions were formalized as "M Editions". These included issue luxury options away from the "C Package" and special paint and, sometimes, special wheels. Inside the uk, to celebrate Mazda's 24 hours of Le Mans win, Mazda brought out a special edition in regards to the MX-5, with the winner's color scheme (see Mazda 787B) and came perfect for businesses that BBR (Brodie Brittain Racing) turbo conversion; the motor car grow to be the most sought after special edition cars of a bunch of MX-5s.

The first one generation MX-5 was phased out making use of the 1997 model year (by using an exception of 400 limited edition Berkeley models sold only the european union in 1998 to mark the terminal point of the NA), along with the final 1500 NAs produced for those who are US market being the "STO" ("Special Touring Option") versions.

A small range of Miata units were assembled mainly because of the M2 Incorporated. Founded in November 1991, M2, referred to as "Mazda Too", was Mazda's new off-line planning / niche-house / Research & Development company planned to attend classes the early '90s. The M2 Corp. employees had noble intentions - creating niche-mobiles derived from Mazda's volume products. Although M2's basic mission involved paying attention to the "soft" aspects of vehicle design so as to create more specifically targeted niche variants, the changes all of the off-line cars would go well beyond mere cosmetics.

Heading the M2 operation was Mr. Masakatsu Kato, original father of the large number of Miata (Eunos Roadster) in Japan, such as creator of several Mazda concept vehicles. Kato-san was assisted by Hirotaka Tachibana, development engineer the reason for the superb dynamics of all of the FC (second-generation RX-7) and all the NA Roadster (Miata MX-5). M2 Corp. was based as a result of Tokyo, Japan. M2-Corp had been a 100% owned subsidiary of Mazda, and so it was closed by Mazda in 1995. Mazda kept a similar program going with the Mazdaspeed vehicles, after which you active in the late '90s Mazdaspeed was absorbed into Mazda because of a subsidiary company in Mazda Auto Tokyo. There was clearly most M2 branded vehicles between 1991 and 1995, beginning with the 1001 as much as the 1031 Cafe Racer (Dec-91).

M2-1001 Cafe Roadster (Dec-91) Limited 1/300 M2 Corp. released the M2-1001 Roadster in December 1991. It was pretty a special "Limited Production" Roadster variant that had been a short production run of only 300 units, inside of a special Blue/Black Mica Paint, which includes a sticker price of ,000. Prospective buyers were required to show up in person at M2's Tokyo headquarters to register to enjoy a lottery that will put a purchase order because of it extremely limited Roadster.

This upscale Eunos Roadster was M2's first turn-key, race-ready offering. This is the a number of a bit of the goodies that managed to get so popular: functional front airdam with integrated fog lamps, vintage aero mirrors, 4-point roll bar, vintage gauge cluster, fixed back bucket seats, polished 3-spoke steering wheel, stiffer suspension package with M2 specific rates, polished aluminum strut brace, upgraded exhaust by HKS, intake system, 1.6L motor with Brand New aggressive pistons, upgraded camshaft, lightweight flywheel, LSD cooling intake, manual steering, manual windows (A/C was optional), racing pedals, centerless console with matching shortened radio bezel, aluminum gas filler cap, a more aggressive wheel & tire package (15" x 6" Panasport rims), and also a rear spoiler (which became standard to get a R package). The performance changes made to the Roadster would bump the power to 132 bhp (98 kW) @ 7,000 rpm, and 109 lbf·ft (148 N·m) of torque @ 5,500 rpm. Once released, it proved so well liked that any of us were paying as long as ,000 for one.

M2-1002 Vintage Roadster (Nov-92) Limited 1/300 M2-CORP released its second Roadster at the end of 1992, by having a sightly different front bumper but yet items given that the previous 1001 Roadster. This amazing tool decided not to do weight reduction 1001.

M2-1028 Street Competition Roadster (Feb-94) Limited 1/300 M2-CORP released its third Roadster during the early 1994, depending on the original "Jinba Ittai" concept made by Toshihiko Hirai. This was billed as a form of track-ready Roadster. (The US saw a cheaper version called the R-Package.) Offered in Chaste White or Brilliant Black only, this Roadster used the fresh new 1.8L powerplant with upgraded pistons, camshafts, and also other similar goodies for the reason that previous 1001 and 1002. This Roadster had an output of in close proximity to 150 bhp (110 kW), and included 14" Eunos Factory Rims with a unique gunmetal paint with polished lip. Really the only changes were a new set of lightweight side mirrors, MOMO Steering Wheel, Centerless console, racing seats, racing tow hook, a set of lower lip spoilers (R-Package) and also a newly designed "Duck-Tail" trunk lid with integrated spoiler. The M2-1028 trunk lid was made out of aluminum and weighed only 7.7 lb (3.5 kg), a very light weight from the original lid of 15.5 lb (7.0 kg). Aside from that it was included with a 6-point roll cage, but no soft-top, instead featuring a tarp that stretched over the cage. With optional FRP Hardtop with plexiglass rear window to get more detailed weight savings coming in at only 19 lb (8.6 kg).

Brodie Britain Racing (BBR) of Brackley, The United Kingdom, have had a long history of involvement because of the first generation (NA) cars throughout the uk, having supplied parts and equipment just for a dealer supplied BBR Turbo version of the car between 1990 and 1991. This raised power output to 150 bhp (110 kW), and produced 154 ft·lb (209 N·m) of torque. The kit comprised 68 parts and was covered by just a full dealer warranty. We were looking at supplied and fitted to a number exceeding 750 UK spec cars, including to make the 1991 'Le Mans' special edition, by using a further 150 kits being supplied overseas.

Over twenty years later in 2011, BBR now offer a turn-key refurbishment package for old NA MX-5's, again including a turbo charger kit. This now increases power output to 220 bhp (160 kW), and produces 175 ft·lb (237 N·m) of torque. The estimated top speed would finally be 140 mph (230 km/h), with 0-60 approached in 5.5 seconds. The turbo charger used often is the Garrett GT25 ball race unit, and all the package also includes an air-to-air intercooler, as well as a digital piggy-back ECU to control timing, fueling, and boost pressures. Subject to a satisfactory donor car, the refurbishment and turbo upgrade package includes rust treatment, a paint respray, new seats, wheels, and other trim. As of January 2011 the retail price for almost any 'refreshed' BBR MX-5 Turbo is £7,500.

In 1998, Mazda released the second-generation MX-5, production code NB, just for the 1999 model year. The NB featured a more powerful engine and external styling cues borrowed because of the third generation Mazda RX-7 model. Prices while in the United States, the main market just for the MX-5, started at US,770 (US,700 in 2011 adjusted for inflation).

Although many parts coming from the interior and body were different, the most known changes were the headlamps: the very first generation's retractable headlamps no longer passed pedestrian safety tests and were replaced by fixed ones. The fresh new car grew slightly in width when compared to earlier model; its dimensions were: length 3,945 mm (155.3 in), width 1,678 mm (66.1 in), height 1,228 mm (48.3 in) and wheelbase 2,265 mm (89.2 in). Without options, the NB weighed 1000 kg (2300 lb). The new generation was rather a lot more aerodynamic as compared to original, that has a Cd figure of 0.36.

The NB continued in order to four-wheel independent suspension, with enlarged anti-roll bars at the cab end and rear, even though the wheels, tires and brakes were significantly upgraded: anti-lock braking system was offered as an option; alloy wheels were now 14 in (360 mm) or 15 in (380 mm) in diameter and 6 in (150 mm) in width, with regards to the trim package; sports models were perfect for businesses that the more expensive wheels and 195/50VR15 tires.

The BP-4W engine remained at 1.8 L (110 cu in) but received several minor updates. The engine compression ratio spent their childhood years from 9.0:1 to 9.5:1 with the help of slightly domed pistons; the intake cam was changed as opposed to a solid lifter design along with a stronger cam; the intake runners upstairs were straightened in addition the intake manifold was mounted higher up. Mazda's Variable Intake Control System was introduced, which effectively gave a long narrow intake manifold at low rpm for better swirl, changing to some other short, free-flowing manifold at high rpm for maximum breathing. Power output of the large number of new engine was quoted at 104.4 kW (140.0 bhp) with 116 lbf·ft (157 N·m) of torque.

The 1.6 L (98 cu in) B6 engine remained to be found in Europe and Japan. The base-model 1.8 L (110 cu in) NB could reach 62 mph (100 km/h) in 7.8 s and had a top speed of 130 mph (210 km/h).

In 1999, Mazda celebrated the 10th anniversary of the particular MX-5 with the 10th Anniversary Model, a limited edition featuring some until-then exclusive features, namely a six-speed transmission and Bilstein shock absorbers; performance figures were slightly different, with slower acceleration but higher top speed in comparison to the standard 5-speed model. The model's nickname among owners and enthusiasts was 10AM or 10AE (what I mean "10th Anniversary Edition"). The car had a unique sapphire blue mica (called innocent blue in Japan) paint colour with two-toned black leather and blue alcantara seats. Adding the sixth gear resulted in different performance results, with 0-100 km/h (62 mph) in 7.5 seconds, a tenth of a local second slower as compared to the standard 5-speed model, due to their heavier weight. However, as being the 10AM was heavier, its top rated speed was higher, at 214 km/h (133 mph) as an alternative for 210 km/h (130 mph). Combined consumption was 8.0 as opposed to 8.5 l/100 km (29 in preference to 28 mpg).

Each car was sequentially numbered on a badge on the driver-side front quarter panel. A "Certificate of Authenticity" due to the same number came with each car, signed by Mazda President James E. Miller and dated 10 February 1999. On certain markets, a gift set was also included, which includes a 1/24 scale diecast model, two Seiko-branded wristwatches (his and hers) with matching blue faceplate and Miata logo, and metal keychain as the Miata logo, all encased in a luxury blue velvet box. Despite the publicity that Mazda gave to this very model, thinking back though it did take more than a year to sell off all units, drawing criticism that way to many units appeared to be produced (another factor was the high price by using an MSRP of ,875, about 00 over a base model). For comparison, there were 3,500 units of the specific NC's 3rd Generation Limited launch model in 2005, and regular limited editions produced each year really don't exceed 1,500 units per region. The polished wheels are notorious for corroding once the thin lacquer coating is damaged. Mazda replaced quite a few sets under warranty. There have been minor differences in specification depending on market, just like for example no sports appearance package (front/side/back skirts, rear wing) or air conditioning for Europe.

7,500 units in the game 10th Anniversary were produced, with 3,700 distributed to Europe (of which: 600 - UK, 20 - Portugal), 3,150 to Canada And America (of which 3,000 to US and 150 to Canada), 500 to Japan and 150 to Australia. Car number 7,500 was sold in england and wales.

Production of the total third-generation MX-5, code NC, began May 17, 2005, for delivery in August, to get a 2006 model year. This was partially because of declining sales with regards to MX-5 during its second generation run.

The exterior styling resembles the very first design, but unlike the update from NA to NB, that had been mostly a nose/tail/interior change, the NC shares no components with regards to NB, with the exception of the side-panel turning-lights on non-US models. The lead stylist of this occurence model generation was Moray Callum.

The suspension has changed originating from a 4-wheel double wishbone setup to a wonderful front wishbone/rear multilink setup. Technologies like traction control and stability control were added to increase driveability. As stated by Car and Driver, the NC is sufffering from a skidpad a number of 0.90g.

For those who are US, the engine is known as a new 16-valve, 2.0 L (120 cu in) MZR I4, producing 170 bhp (130 kW) and 140 lbf·ft (190 N·m) coupled to either a 5-speed or perhaps a 6-speed manual transmission or 158 bhp (118 kW) together with the optional 6-speed automatic transmission. A limited slip differential is for sale likely the most 6-speed option. In Australia the 2.0 L (120 cu in) MZR is offered, rated at 118 kW (158 bhp) and 188 N·m (139 lbf·ft) in addition to 6-speed transmission and LSD are standard. In Europe, two engines are offered: the 2.0 L (120 cu in) MZR rated at 158 bhp (118 kW) and 188 N·m (139 lbf·ft), coupled all the way to 6-speed manual transmission; in addition to a new 1.8 L (110 cu in) MZR, rated at 126 bhp (94 kW) and 167 N·m (123 lbf·ft), coupled to all the 5-speed manual transmission.

A six-speed automatic transmission, with steering wheel mounted paddle shifters, is optional. A test by Car and Driver magazine revealed a 0-60 mph (97 km/h) time of 6.5 s to make the 2.0 L (120 cu in) U.S.-spec NC. Manufacturer figures for the European-spec model are: 0-100 km/h (62 mph) in 9.4 s (1.8 L (110 cu in)) and 7.9 s (2.0 L (120 cu in)). In Japan, this generation you can forget complies with Japanese government regulations concerning vehicle exterior dimensions, and buyers in Japan at the moment are to blame for additional costs for ownership.

In July 2006, Mazda unveiled a coupé convertible version that belong to the NC which includes a three-piece folding hardtop, named "MX-5 Roadster Coupe" in Europe, "Roadster Power Retractable Hard Top" in Japan, and "MX-5 Miata Power Retractable Hard Top" in Canada with all the US. Adding 36 kg (79 lb) in direction of the weight of a particular comparable model with soft top, the hard top takes 12 seconds to raise or lower it definitely does not take any one of the existing trunk space when folded down. The first one units were delivered to customers at the end of August, to obtain a price premium less than a separate hard top. Performance times are slightly affected when using the weight increase, to 9.6 s (1.8 L (110 cu in)) and 8.2 s (2.0 L (120 cu in)) from 0-100 km/h (62 mph), but top speed is increased from 196 km/h (121.8 mph) to 200 km/h (124.3 mph) (1.8 L (110 cu in)) and from 210 km/h (130 mph) to 215 km/h (134 mph) (2.0 L (120 cu in)), for any of the European-spec model.

Mazda MX-5 Miata Haynes Owners Service & Repair Manual 1990 - 2009 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

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