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It also covers ONLY the engine and mechanicals of the Hilux, 4 Runner and Surf Drive Line and Mechanicals with the Engines Below. (Note :does not cover 1KDFTV engines)
This comprehensive manual covers the complete Toyota Prado range of vehicles. Detailed engine chapters covering all petrol/gasoline and diesel engines. It also covers the Hilux, 4 Runner and Surf mechanicals. Detailed comprehensive chapters cover the complete range of transmissions. The manual also covers all other aspects of the vehicle from changing a light globe through to complete vehicle pull down. Comprehensive chapters covering diagnostics and troubleshooting and also includes complete electrical wiring diagrams for the entire vehicle. This comprehensive manual consists of over 500 pages of step by step instructions which will suite the DIY handyman through to the professional mechanic.
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado is a model designation used in Japan, Pakistan, Australia, South Africa, Middle East, Southeast Asia and Latin America as well as other parts of the world for medium-duty, mid-sized four-wheel drive cars in the Toyota Land Cruiser line. They are produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota Motor Corporation. The car is marketed in many other parts of the developing world, such as the Caribbean and large parts of Africa.
In Europe it is sold as simply the Toyota Land Cruiser LC3, LC4 or LC5 (depending on the generation) or with the number series designation (LC 70, LC 90 and LC 120). In North America it is not part of the Land Cruiser range, being instead sold as the Lexus GX 470, with nearly identical body panels and a V8 engine. The current Prado is based on Toyota's J150 platform. Previous models were based on the J70, J90 and J120 platforms. All models designated Prado feature front independent suspension, ladder frame and a two-speed transfer case.
The Toyota Land Cruiser Prado is available in GX, GXL and VX spec versions. The GX is the entry level model, while the VX is the more luxurious version. In most markets it is available with either a 4.0 L petrol V6 and a 3.0 L Diesel engine. In some European countries there are commercial van variants, based on the short wheel base chassis.
Land Cruiser 70-series Prado model: 1990 to 1996
In April 1990, a new type was introduced. The front grille, front fenders and engine hood were redesigned. The head lamp design changed as well. At the same time the sub name Prado was attached, but names like Land Cruiser and Land Cruiser II were still used in other parts of the world besides Japan. Meaning plain or field in Portuguese, Prado the new line from Land Cruiser was marketed toward more on-road purposes, despite a body on frame design which was highly capable off-road.
In Japan it came with electronic fuel injection and a four speed automatic transmission. The 2.4L turbo diesel engine with 97 metric horsepower (71 kW) and 24.5 kg·m (240 N·m; 177 ft·lbf) high torque unit was installed. The line up included 2-door and 4-door versions named LX5 and SX5 respectively. The 4 door was also offered in a higher specification named EX5.
The front suspension was changed to a "shock absorber through spring" design to improve handling. The SX5 and EX5 grades can switch between stages of absorber with a touch of a button. The 22R gasoline engine was upgrade to the 22R-E (electronic fuel injection) engine and the diesel engines were replaced by the 2.8 liter(2776cc) 3L engine and the 2.4 L (2446cc) 2L-T turbo diesel engine was replaced by the electronically injected 2L-TE turbo diesel engine. In 1993, 22R-E gasoline engine was replaced by 2.7 liter (2693cc) 3RZ-FE gasoline engine and the 2L-TE turbo diesel engine was replaced by the 3.0 liter (2982cc) 1KZ-TE turbo diesel engine with aluminium cylinder head. The 1KZ-TE was able to reduce NOx and soot. The dash board was replaced with a new design with minor changes to suspension, brakes, and trim details.
Land Cruiser 90-series Prado model: 1993 to 2002
In May 1993, the 70-series underwent a makeover and emerged as the 90-series Prado, an independent series. The body was lengthened. The design remained medium duty, like the 70-series Prado. The front suspension was replace with an independent design, shared with Tacoma and Hilux Surf made by Hino. All models come with model front double wishbone and 4 linked suspension as well as full-time 4WD. ABS and Field Monitor showing altimeter, thermometer and pressure was standard in all the models. Television display and audio set was optional.
Petrol engines include 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-FE and, new in Prado models, 3.4 liter (3378cc) V6 5VZ-FE. Diesel engines are 2.8 L (2776cc) 3L engine, 3.0 liter (2986cc) 5L engine and 3.0 liter (2982cc) 1KZ-TE. By June 1999, minor changes were made. In order to follow new laws, fog-lamps were added to the bumper. In July 2000, a new diesel engine, 3.0 liter (2982cc) Common Rail Diesel Injection (D-4D) 1KD-FTV was introduced into this model. To reduce theft, an engine immobilizer was available. TX Limited with 8 seats used TX base with roof rail, rear under mirror, wood panel finish, arm rest, optitron meter, base cooling as well as rear heater was introduced into this series.
Land Cruiser 120-series Prado model: 2002 to 2009
First appeared in 2002, this model included a re-designed front suspension to address reliability concerns of the previous generation, and an all new body designed at Toyota's ED2 design studio in France. Engines include the 2.7 L (2693 cc) straight-4 3RZ-FE, 3.4 L (3378 cc) V-6 5VZ-FE and 3.0 L (2982 cc) straight-4 Turbo diesel 1KD-FTV. In countries like China, a newly developed engine 1GR-FE V6 is available. Because the 120-series is a luxury-type SUV in some markets, burglary is not uncommon. For this purpose, the engine immoblizer became standard equipment in some markets.
In August 2004, the 3RZ-FE was replaced by 2.7 L (2694 cc) 2TR-FE and in July 2005, 5VZ-FE was replaced by 4.0 L (3955 cc) V6 1GR-FE with 5-speed automatic transmission available in late 2005. In North America, this model is known as the Lexus GX 470 with the 4.7 L (4663 cc) V8 2UZ-FE engine.
Diesel models have had the 1KZ-TE turbo diesel engine with maximum output rating 131 PS (96 kW) as well as the 5L-E natural aspirated diesel engine rating 95 PS (70 kW) . In November 2006, Toyota introduced the 1KD-FTV Turbo Diesel (D-4D] engine to meet Euro IV emission standards. This engine delivers 173 PS (127 kW) of power and 410 Nm of torque. The upgrade to the D-4D engine was also matched with transmission upgrades to the diesel range, with the 5-speed automatic and 6-speed manual transmissions added in line with the petrol powered range. From August 2007 the Prado received several equipment and safety upgrades.
The 120-series Land Cruiser Prado shares the same suspension parts as the current generation Hilux Surf/4Runner and FJ Cruiser.